Os planos de recuperação econômica pós-COVID-19 na encruzilhada das mudanças climáticas

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20336/rbs.763

Palavras-chave:

Covid-19, mudanças climáticas, crise econômica

Resumo

O presente artigo investiga as consequências da crise econômica instaurada pela pandemia de COVID-19 sobre as políticas de combate às mudanças climáticas. Com base num levantamento bibliográfico sobre as alterações na química atmosférica dos centros urbanos, apontamos que a queda nas emissões de gases responsáveis pelo efeito estufa representou uma consequência direta, porém não intencionada, das políticas de lockdown e isolamento social. Dado que essa redução tende a ser passageira e insuficiente para responder aos desafios da “emergência climática”, apresentamos uma análise crítica e prospectiva sobre as repercussões ambientais dos pacotes de recuperação econômica pós-pandemia e o risco de que estratégias orientadas exclusivamente pela retomada do crescimento provoquem um “efeito rebote” com consequências irreversíveis e calamitosas para os esforços de contenção do aquecimento global.

Biografia do Autor

Luiz Enrique Vieira de Souza, Universidade Federal da Bahia

Doutor em Sociologia pela Universidade de São Paulo (2012). Professor do Departamento de Sociologia da Universidade Federal da Bahia.

Marcelo Fetz, Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo

Doutorado em Sociologia pela Universidade Estadual de Campinas (2012). Professor do Departamento de Ciências Sociais da Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo. 

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31-12-2021

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