Bem-estar e estratificação social no Brasil contemporâneo

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20336/rbs.634

Palavras-chave:

desigualdade, bem-estar social, educação escolar, estratificação social

Resumo

Com o objetivo central de avaliar o processo de mobilidade social no Brasil contemporâneo, foram construídos dois indicadores socioeconômicos que mensuram a origem e o destino das pessoas, tendo por diferença básica em relação aos estudos clássicos a construção de índices com base no acesso ao bem-estar social elementar. Esses indicadores foram avaliados simultaneamente com o fator educação escolar. Observou-se que a transmissão da vantagem socioeconômica no Brasil possui um duplo caminho, (i) investimento em educação formal e (ii) transferência direta de bem-estar socioeconômico entre parentes, o segundo fator com a maior significância. Interpreto o Brasil como uma sociedade que não é meritocrática, em virtude de o poder da educação escolar em modificar os resultados dos indivíduos em fase adulta ser estatisticamente inferior ao efeito da herança socioeconômica, ao assumir que existe uma corrida entre os indivíduos por recursos e que tudo começa antes mesmo do nascimento.

Biografia do Autor

Alan Araújo Freitas, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro

Sociólogo. Doutor em Sociologia (UFRJ), Pós-Doutor em Ciências Sociais (UFJF)

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Publicado

2021-09-01