Variedades de capitalismo nos BRICS

uma perspectiva agroalimentar

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20336/rbs.824

Palavras-chave:

BRICS, variedades de capitalismo, regime alimentar, questão agroalimentar, análise institucional comparativa

Resumo

Desde os anos 2000, observa-se a difusão do programa de pesquisas em Capitalismos Comparados (CC), envolvendo três gerações de estudos interdisciplinares nos campos da economia política e da sociologia econômica sobre Variedades de Capitalismo (VoC). Com foco quase que exclusivo nos países desenvolvidos nas duas primeiras gerações, em sua terceira geração os estudos em CC passaram a se ocupar também dos países em desenvolvimento, principalmente dos países emergentes, como os BRICS (Brasil, Rússia, Índia, China e África do Sul). Contudo, apesar de os mais importantes estudiosos comparatistas nas ciências sociais sempre terem se preocupado com a questão agrária nas grandes transformações que deram origem e definiram os rumos do mundo moderno, é notável a ausência de temas agrícolas, rurais e alimentares nos estudos em CC. No intuito de superar parte dessa lacuna, o artigo explora o lugar da “questão agroalimentar” nas variedades de capitalismo dos BRICS e o papel desempenhado por esses países no reordenamento do “regime alimentar internacional”.

Biografia do Autor

Fabiano Escher, Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro (UFRRJ)

Departamento de Ciências Sociais em Desenvolvimento, Agricultura e Sociedade (DDAS), Professor de Sociologia Econômica e Economia Política Internacional

Referências

Albert, Michael. (1996). Capitalism against capitalism. Whurr Publishers.

Amable, Bruno. (2003). The diversity of modern capitalism. Oxford University Press.

Amable, Bruno, Regan, Aidan, Avdagic, Sabina, Baccaro, Lucio, Pontusson, Jonas, & Van der Zwan, Natascha. (2019). Discussion Forum: new approaches to political economy. Socio-Economic Review, 17(2), 1-27. https://doi.org/10.1093/ser/mwz002

Arboleda, Martín. (2020). Towards an agrarian question of circulation: Walmart’s expansion in Chile and the agrarian political economy of supply chain capitalism. Journal of Agrarian Change, 20(3), 1-19. https://doi.org/10.1111/joac.12356

Batista Jr., Paulo N. (2019). O Brasil não cabe no quintal de ninguém. Bastidores da vida de um economista brasileiro no FMI e nos BRICS e outros textos sobre nacionalismo e nosso complexo de vira-latas. Leya.

Becker, Uwe. (2013). Measuring change of capitalist varieties: reflections on method, illustrations from the BRICS. New Political Economy, 18(4), 503-532. https://doi.org/10.1080/13563467.2012.717611

Becker, Uwe, & Vasileva, Alexandra. (2017). Russia’s political economy re-conceptualized: a changing hybrid of liberalism, statism and patrimonialism. Journal of Eurasian Studies, 8(1), 83-96. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.euras.2016.11.003

Bohle, Dorothee, & Greskovits, Béla. (2009). Varieties of capitalism and capitalism ‘tout court’. European Journal of Sociology, 50(3), 355-386. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0003975609990178

Borras Jr., Saturnino M. (2019). Agrarian social movements: the absurdly difficult but not impossible agenda of defeating right‐wing populism and exploring a socialist future. Journal of Agrarian Change, 20(1), 3-36. https://doi.org/10.1111/joac.12311

Borras Jr., Saturnino M., Franco, Jennifer C., Isakson, S. Ryan, Levidow, Les, & Vervest, Pietje. (2015). The rise of flex crops and commodities: Implications for research. Journal of Peasant Studies, 43(1), 1-24. https://doi.org/10.1080/03066150.2015.1036417

Boschi, Renato R., & Pinho, Carlos E. S. (2019). Crisis and austerity: The recent trajectory of capitalist development in Brazil. Contemporary Politics, 25(3), 292-312. https://doi.org/10.1080/13569775.2018.1555783

Boyer, Robert. (2005). How and why capitalisms differ. Economy and Society, 34(4), 509-57. https://doi.org/10.1080/03085140500277070

Buhr, Daniel, & Frankenberger, Rolf. (2014). Emerging varieties of incorporated capitalism:

theoretical considerations and empirical evidence. Business and Politics, 16(3) 1-33. https://doi.org/10.1515/bap-2013-0020

Burch, David, & Lawrence, Geoffrey. (2009). Towards a third food regime: behind the transformation. Agriculture and Human Values, 26, 257-279.

Byres, Terence J. (1986). The agrarian question, forms of capitalist agrarian transition and the state: an essay with reference to Asia. Social Scientist, 14(11/12), 3-67.

Clapp, Jennifer. (2019). The rise of financial investment and common ownership in global agri-food firms. Review of International Political Economy, 26(4), 604-629. https://doi.org/10.1080/09692290.2019.1597755

Coates, David. (2016). Capitalism: the basics. Routledge.

Coates, David (Ed.). (2005). Varieties of capitalism, varieties of approaches. Palgrave Macmillan.

Conterato, Marcelo, Schneider, Sérgio, Fernandes, Luciana L., & Libardoni, Paulo J. (2014). O consumo intermediário na agricultura: uma comparação entre agricultura familiar e não familiar no Brasil e nas regiões Sul e Nordeste. In S. Schneider, B. Ferreira, & F. Alves (Orgs.), Aspectos multidimensionais da agricultura brasileira: diferentes visões do Censo Agropecuário 2006 (pp. 54-70). IPEA.

Cousins, Ben, Borras, Saturnino M., Sauer, Sérgio, & Ye, Jingzhong. (Eds). (2020). BRICS and MICs: implications for global agrarian transformation. Routledge.

Crouch, Colin, Streeck, Wolfgang, Boyer, Robert, Amable, Bruno, Hall, Peter A., & Jackson, Gregory. (2005). Dialogue on “institutional complementarity and political economy”. Socio-Economic Review, 3(2), 359-382. https://doi.org/10.1093/SER/mwi015

Deeg, Richard, & Jackson, Gregory. (2007). Towards a more dynamic theory of capitalist diversity. Socio-Economic Review, 5(1), 149-179. https://doi.org/10.1093/ser/mwl021

Delgado, Guilherme C. (2012). Do capital financeiro na agricultura à economia do agronegócio. Editora da UFRGS.

Drahokoupil, Jan, & Myant, Martin. (2015). Putting comparative capitalisms research in its place: varieties of capitalism in transition economies. In M. Ebenau, I. Bruff, & C. May (Eds.), New directions in critical comparative capitalisms research: critical and global perspectives (pp. 155-171). Palgrave Macmillan.

Ebenau, Matthias, Bruff, Ian, & May, Christian. (2015). New directions in comparative capitalisms research: critical and global perspectives. Palgrave Macmillan.

Edelman, Marcos, Oya, Carlos, & Borras Jr., Saturnino M. (Eds). (2015). Global land grabs: history, theory and method. Routledge.

Escher, Fabiano. (2021). BRICS varieties of capitalism and food regime reordering: a comparative institutional analysis. Journal of Agrarian Change, 21(1), 46-70. https://doi.org/10.1111/joac.12385

Escher, Fabiano. (2020a). Class dynamics of rural transformation in Brazil: a critical assessment of the current agrarian debate. Agrarian South: Journal of Political Economy, 9(2), 1-27. https://doi.org/10.1177/2277976020928832

Escher, Fabiano. (2020b). Agricultura, alimentação e desenvolvimento rural na China e no Brasil: uma análise institucional comparativa. Appris.

Escher, Fabiano, & Wilkinson, John. (2019). A economia política do complexo soja-carne Brasil-China. Revista de Economia e Sociologia Rural, 57(4), 656-678. https://doi.org/10.1590/1806-9479.2019.191017

FAO – Food and Agriculture Organization. (2020). The state of food security and nutrition in the world 2020. FAO.

Friedmann, Harriet. (2016). Commentary: food regime analysis and agrarian questions: widening the conversation. Journal of Peasant Studies, 43(3), 671-692. https://doi.org/10.1080/03066150.2016.1146254

Friedmann, Harriet. (2009). Discussion: moving food regimes forward: reflections on symposium essays. Agriculture and Human Values, 26(4), 335-344. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10460-009-9225-6

Friedmann, Harriet. (2005). From colonialism to green capitalism: social movements and the emergence of food regimes. In F. H. Buttel & P. McMichael (Eds.), New Directions in the Sociology of Global Development (Vol. 11, pp. 227-267). Elsevier.

Friedmann, Harriet, & McMichael, Philip. (1989). Agriculture and the state system: the rise and fall of national agricultures, 1870 to the present. Sociologia Ruralis, 29(2), 93-117. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9523.1989.tb00360.x

Fukuyama, Francis. (1992). The end of history and the last man. The Free Press.

Garcia, Ana S. (2017). BRICS: um balanço crítico. Cadernos do CEAS, 241, 374-391.

Gaudreau, Matthew. (2019). Constructing China’s national food security: power, grain seed markets, and the global political economy [Tese de Doutorado, University of Waterloo]. https://uwspace.uwaterloo.ca/handle/10012/14816

Gerschenkron, Alexander. (2015). O atraso econômico em perspectiva histórica e outros ensaios. Contraponto.

Gramsci, Antonio. (1992). Selections from the Prison Notebooks (11. Ed.). International Publishers.

Hall, Peter A., & Soskice, David. (2001). An introduction to varieties of capitalism. In P. A. Hall & D. Soskice (Eds), Varieties of capitalism: institutional foundations of comparative advantage (pp. 1-78). Cambridge University Press.

Hancké, Bob, Rhodes, Martin, & Thatcher, Mark (Eds.). (2007). Beyond varieties of capitalism: conflicts, contradictions and complementarities in the European economy. Oxford University Press.

Hay, Colin. (2019). Does capitalism (still) come in varieties? Review of International Political Economy, 27(2), 1-19. https://doi.org/10.1080/09692290.2019.1633382

Holt-Giménez, Eric, & Shattuck, Annie. (2011). Food crises, food regimes and food movements: rumblings of reform or tides of transformation? Journal of Peasant Studies, 38(1), 109-144. https://doi.org/10.1080/03066150.2010.538578

Hundt, David, & Uttan, Jitendra. (2017). Varieties of capitalism in Asia: beyond the developmental state. Palgrave Macmillan.

Ibañez, Pablo. (2020). Geopolítica e diplomacia em tempos de Covid-19: Brasil e China no limiar de um contencioso. Espaço e Economia, IX(18). https://doi.org/10.4000/espacoeconomia.13257

Isakson, S. Ryan. (2014). Food and finance: the financial transformation of agro-food supply chains. Journal of Peasant Studies, 41(5), 749-775. https://doi.org/10.1080/03066150.2013.874340

Jakobsen, Jostein. (2019). Neoliberalising the food regime “amongst its others”: the right to food and the state in India. Journal of Peasant Studies, 46(6), 1219-1239. https://doi.org/10.1080/03066150.2018.1449745

Jakobsen, Jostein, & Hansen, Arve. (2020). Geographies of meatification: an emerging Asian meat complex. Globalizations, 17(1), 93-109. https://doi.org/10.1080/14747731.2019.1614723

Kohl, Sebastian, Dobeson, Alexander, & Brandl, Barbara. (2017). Varieties of agrarian capitalism: towards a comparative analysis of rural economies. Economic Sociology: The European Electronic Newsletter, 18(3), 20-31.

Lerche, Jens. (2013). The agrarian question in neoliberal India: agrarian transition bypassed? Journal of Agrarian Change, 13(3), 382-404. https://doi.org/10.1111/joac.12026

Lerche, Jens, Shah, Alpa, & Harriss-White, Barbara. (2013). Introduction: agrarian questions and left politics in India. Journal of Agrarian Change, 13(3), 337-350. https://doi.org/10.1111/joac.12031

Li, Xing (Ed.). (2019). Mapping China’s “one belt one road” initiative. Palgrave Macmillan.

Marx, Karl. (2008). Contribuição à crítica da economia política (2. ed.). Expressão Popular.

McKay, Ben M., Hall, Ruth, & Liu, Juan (Eds). (2018). Rural transformations and agro-food systems: the BRICS and agrarian change in the Global South. Routledge.

Mayntz, Renate. (2004). Mechanisms in the analysis of social macro-phenomena. Philosophy of the Social Sciences, 34(2), 237-259. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F0048393103262552

Mazumdar, Surajit. (2017). Neoliberalism and the rise of right-wing conservatism in India. Desenvolvimento em Debate, 5(1), 115-131. http://dx.doi.org/10.51861/ded.dmds.1.011

McMichael, Philip. (2009). A food regime genealogy. Journal of Peasant Studies, 36(1), 139-169. https://doi.org/10.1080/03066150902820354

McMichael, Philip. (2005). Global development and the corporate food regime. In F. H. Buttel & P. McMichael (Eds.), New directions in the sociology of global development (Vol. 11, pp. 265-299). Elsevier.

McNally, Christopher A. (2019). Theorizing Sino-capitalism: implications for the study of comparative capitalisms. Contemporary Politics, 25(3), 313-333. https://doi.org/10.1080/13569775.2018.1553125

Mihályi, Péter, & Szelényi, Iván. (2019). The place of rent-seeking and corruption in varieties of capitalism models. In T. Gerőcs & M. Szanyi (Eds.), Market liberalism and economic patriotism in the capitalist world-system (pp. 67-97). Palgrave Macmillan.

Mohanty, B. B. & Lenka, Papesh K. (2016). Neoliberal reforms, agrarian capitalism and the peasantry. In B. B. Mohanty (Ed.), Critical perspectives on agrarian transition: India in the global debate (pp. 164-194). Routledge.

Moore Jr., Barrington. (1983). As origens sociais da ditadura e da democracia: senhores e camponeses na construção do mundo moderno. Martins Fontes.

Moragues-Faus, Ana, & Marsden, Terry. (2017). The political ecology of food: carving “spaces of possibility” in a new research agenda. Journal of Rural Studies, 55, 275-288. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jrurstud.2017.08.016

Morgan, Glenn, Doering, Heike, & Gomes, Marcus. (2020). Extending varieties of capitalism to emerging economies: what can we learn from Brazil? New Political Economy, 26(4), 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1080/13563467.2020.1807485

Niederle, Paulo A. (2018). A pluralist and pragmatist critique of food regime’s genealogy: varieties of social orders in Brazilian agriculture. Journal of Peasant Studies, 45(7), 1460-1483. https://doi.org/10.1080/03066150.2017.1313238

Niederle, Paulo A., & Wesz, Valdemar J. (2018). As novas ordens alimentares. Editora da UFRGS.

Nölke, Andreas, Brink, Tobias, May, Christian, & Claar, Simone. (2020). State-permeated capitalism in large emerging economies. Routledge.

Nölke, Andreas, & May, Christian. (2019). Liberal versus organised capitalism: a historical comparative perspective. In T. Gerőcs & M. Szanyi (Eds.), Market liberalism and economic patriotism in the capitalist world-system (pp. 21-42). Palgrave Macmillan.

Oliveira, José A. P., Barabashev, Alexei, Tapscott, Christopher, Thompson, Lisa I., & Qian, Haoqi. (2021). The role of intergovernmental relations in response to a wicked problem: an analysis of the Covid-19 crisis in the BRICS countries. Brazilian Journal of Public Administration, 55(1), 243-260. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0034-761220200501

Otero, Gerardo, Gürcan, Efe C., Pechlaner, Gabriela, & Liberman Giselle. (2018). Food security, obesity, and inequality: measuring the risk of exposure to the neoliberal diet. Journal of Agrarian Change, 18(3), 536-554. https://doi.org/10.1111/joac.12252

Patnaik, Prabhat. (2012). The peasant question and contemporary capitalism: some reflections with reference to India. Agrarian South, 1(1), 27-42. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F227797601200100103

Pechlaner, Gabriela, & Otero, Gerardo. (2008). The third food regime: neoliberal globalism and agricultural biotechnology in North America. Sociologia Ruralis, 48(4), 1-21. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9523.2008.00469.x

Polanyi, Karl. (2000). A grande transformação: as origens da nossa época. Campus.

Pritchard, Bill. (2009). The long hangover from the second food regime: a world-historical

interpretation of the collapse of the WTO Doha Round. Agriculture and Human

Values, 26(4), 297-307. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10460-009-9216-7

Rede Brasileira de Pesquisa em Soberania e Segurança Alimentar e Nutricional – PENSSAN. (2021). Inquérito nacional sobre insegurança alimentar no contexto da pandemia de Covid-19 no Brasil. Rede PENSSAN.

Schedelik, Michael, Nölke, Andreas, Mertens, Daniel, & May, Christian. (2020). Comparative Capitalism, growth models and emerging markets: The development of the field. New Political Economy, 26(4), 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1080/13563467.2020.1807487

Schneider, Ben R. (2009). Hierarchical market economies and varieties of capitalism in Latin America. Journal of Latin American Studies, 41(3), 553-575.

Schneider, Mindi. (2017). Dragon head entreprises and the state of agribusiness in China. Journal of Agrarian Change, 17(1), 3-21. https://doi.org/10.1111/joac.12151

Shonfield, Andrew. (1965). Modern capitalism: the changing balance of public and private power. Oxford University Press.

Silva, José G. (1998). A nova dinâmica da agricultura brasileira (2. ed.). Editora da Unicamp.

Streeck, Wolfgang, & Yamamura, Kozo (Eds.). (2001). The origins of nonliberal capitalism: Germany and Japan in comparison. Cornell University Press.

Stuenkel, Oliver. (2020). The BRICS and the future of global order (2. ed.). Lexington.

Wegren, Stephen K. (2007). The state and agrarian reform in post-communist Russia. Journal of Peasant Studies, 34(3-4), 498-526. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03066150701802827

Wegren, Stephen K. (2004). From communism to capitalism? Russia’s agrarian relations in the twentieth century and beyond. Journal of Peasant Studies, 31(3-4), 363-399.

Wegren, Stephen K., Nikulin, Alexander M., & Trotsuk, Irina. (2018). Food policy and food security: putting food on the Russian table. Lexington.

Wilkinson, John, & Goodman, David. (2017). Les analyses en termes de “food regime” : une relecture. In G. Allaire, G. & B. Daviron (Eds.), Transformation agricoles et agroalimentaires : entre écologie et capitalisme (pp. 275-290). Versailes.

Williamson, J. (2004). The Washington Consensus as policy prescription for development [Transcrição de palestra]. Disponível em https://www.piie.com/commentary/speeches-papers/washington-consensus-policy-prescription-development.

Yan, Hairong, & Chen, Yiyuan. (2015). Agrarian capitalization without capitalism? Capitalist dynamics from above and from below in China. Journal of Agrarian Change, 15(3), 366-391. https://doi.org/10.1111/joac.12121

Ye, Jingzhong. (2015). Land transfer and the pursuit of agricultural modernization in China. Journal of Agrarian Change, 15(3), 314-337. https://doi.org/10.1111/joac.12117

Zhan, Shaohua. (2019). The land question in China. Agrarian capitalism, industrious revolution, and East Asian development. Routledge.

Zhang, Qian F. (2015). Class differentiation in rural China: dynamics of accumulation, commodification and state intervention. Journal of Agrarian Change, 15(3), 338-365. https://doi.org/10.1111/joac.12120

Downloads

Publicado

2021-09-01